Trust all certificates using HttpClient over HTTPS

Recently in Https Questions about HttpClient published on Find it here ).I have made some progress, but I have encountered new problems.Like my last question, I don't seem to find any examples that work for me.Basically, I want my client to accept any certificate (because I only point to one server), but I keep getting javax.net. ssl.SSLException: Not trusted server certificate exception.

This is what I have:


    public void connect() throws A_WHOLE_BUNCH_OF_EXCEPTIONS {

        HttpPost post = new HttpPost(new URI(PROD_URL));
        post.setEntity(new StringEntity(BODY));

        KeyStore trusted = KeyStore.getInstance("BKS");
        trusted.load(null, "".toCharArray());
        SSLSocketFactory sslf = new SSLSocketFactory(trusted);
        sslf.setHostnameVerifier(SSLSocketFactory.ALLOW_ALL_HOSTNAME_VERIFIER);

        SchemeRegistry schemeRegistry = new SchemeRegistry();
        schemeRegistry.register(new Scheme ("https", sslf, 443));
        SingleClientConnManager cm = new SingleClientConnManager(post.getParams(),
                schemeRegistry);

        HttpClient client = new DefaultHttpClient(cm, post.getParams());
        HttpResponse result = client.execute(post);
    }

This is the error I got:

    W/System.err(  901): javax.net.ssl.SSLException: Not trusted server certificate 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.harmony.xnet.provider.jsse.OpenSSLSocketImpl.startHandshake(OpenSSLSocketImpl.java:360) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.http.conn.ssl.AbstractVerifier.verify(AbstractVerifier.java:92) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLSocketFactory.connectSocket(SSLSocketFactory.java:321) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.http.impl.conn.DefaultClientConnectionOperator.openConnection(DefaultClientConnectionOperator.java:129) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.http.impl.conn.AbstractPoolEntry.open(AbstractPoolEntry.java:164) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.http.impl.conn.AbstractPooledConnAdapter.open(AbstractPooledConnAdapter.java:119) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.http.impl.client.DefaultRequestDirector.execute(DefaultRequestDirector.java:348) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.http.impl.client.AbstractHttpClient.execute(AbstractHttpClient.java:555) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.http.impl.client.AbstractHttpClient.execute(AbstractHttpClient.java:487) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.http.impl.client.AbstractHttpClient.execute(AbstractHttpClient.java:465) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at me.harrisonlee.test.ssl.MainActivity.connect(MainActivity.java:129) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at me.harrisonlee.test.ssl.MainActivity.access$0(MainActivity.java:77) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at me.harrisonlee.test.ssl.MainActivity$2.run(MainActivity.java:49) 
    W/System.err(  901): Caused by: java.security.cert.CertificateException: java.security.InvalidAlgorithmParameterException: the trust anchors set is empty 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.harmony.xnet.provider.jsse.TrustManagerImpl.checkServerTrusted(TrustManagerImpl.java:157) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.harmony.xnet.provider.jsse.OpenSSLSocketImpl.startHandshake(OpenSSLSocketImpl.java:355) 
    W/System.err(  901):    ... 12 more 
    W/System.err(  901): Caused by: java.security.InvalidAlgorithmParameterException: the trust anchors set is empty 
    W/System.err(  901):    at java.security.cert.PKIXParameters.checkTrustAnchors(PKIXParameters.java:645) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at java.security.cert.PKIXParameters.<init>(PKIXParameters.java:89) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.harmony.xnet.provider.jsse.TrustManagerImpl.<init>(TrustManagerImpl.java:89) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.harmony.xnet.provider.jsse.TrustManagerFactoryImpl.engineGetTrustManagers(TrustManagerFactoryImpl.java:134) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at javax.net.ssl.TrustManagerFactory.getTrustManagers(TrustManagerFactory.java:226)W/System.err(  901):     at org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLSocketFactory.createTrustManagers(SSLSocketFactory.java:263) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLSocketFactory.<init>(SSLSocketFactory.java:190) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLSocketFactory.<init>(SSLSocketFactory.java:216) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at me.harrisonlee.test.ssl.MainActivity.connect(MainActivity.java:107) 
    W/System.err(  901):    ... 2 more

#1st floor

Anyone who is still struggling with StartCom SSL certificates on Android 2.1, please visit https://www.startssl.com/certs/ And download ca.pem, now located at @emmby replace provided In the Answer

`export CLASSPATH=bcprov-jdk16-145.jar
 CERTSTORE=res/raw/mystore.bks
      if [ -a $CERTSTORE ]; then
          rm $CERTSTORE || exit 1
      fi
 keytool \
  -import \
  -v \
  -trustcacerts \
  -alias 0 \
  -file <(openssl x509 -in mycert.pem) \
  -keystore $CERTSTORE \
  -storetype BKS \
  -provider org.bouncycastle.jce.provider.BouncyCastleProvider \
  -providerpath /usr/share/java/bcprov.jar \
  -storepass some-password`

and

 `export CLASSPATH=bcprov-jdk16-145.jar
 CERTSTORE=res/raw/mystore.bks
      if [ -a $CERTSTORE ]; then
          rm $CERTSTORE || exit 1
      fi
 keytool \
  -import \
  -v \
  -trustcacerts \
  -alias 0 \
  -file <(openssl x509 -in ca.pem) \
  -keystore $CERTSTORE \
  -storetype BKS \
  -provider org.bouncycastle.jce.provider.BouncyCastleProvider \
  -providerpath /usr/share/java/bcprov.jar \
  -storepass some-password`

It should be out of the box.Even after @emmby Perfect answer, I also struggled All day .Hope this helps someone...

#2nd floor

API for HttpComponents has changed.It works with the code below.

public static HttpClient getTestHttpClient() {
    try {
        SSLSocketFactory sf = new SSLSocketFactory(new TrustStrategy(){
            @Override
            public boolean isTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain,
                    String authType) throws CertificateException {
                return true;
            }
        }, new AllowAllHostnameVerifier());

        SchemeRegistry registry = new SchemeRegistry();
        registry.register(new Scheme("https",8444, sf));
        ClientConnectionManager ccm = new ThreadSafeClientConnManager(registry);
        return new DefaultHttpClient(ccm);
    } catch (Exception e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
        return new DefaultHttpClient();
    }
}

#3rd floor

For those who want to allow all certificates to run on OAuth (for testing purposes), follow these steps:

1) Download the source code for the Android OAuth API here: https : //github.com/kaeppler/signpost

2) Find the file "CommonsHttpOAuthProvider" class

3) Make the following changes:

public class CommonsHttpOAuthProvider extends AbstractOAuthProvider {

private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

private transient HttpClient httpClient;

public CommonsHttpOAuthProvider(String requestTokenEndpointUrl, String accessTokenEndpointUrl,
        String authorizationWebsiteUrl) {
    super(requestTokenEndpointUrl, accessTokenEndpointUrl, authorizationWebsiteUrl);


    //this.httpClient = new DefaultHttpClient();//Version implemented and that throws the famous "javax.net.ssl.SSLException: Not trusted server certificate" if the certificate is not signed with a CA
    this.httpClient = MySSLSocketFactory.getNewHttpClient();//This will work with all certificates (for testing purposes only)
}

The above "MySSLSocketFactory" is based on the accepted answer.To make it easier, there are complete classes:

package com.netcomps.oauth_example;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.Socket;
import java.net.UnknownHostException;
import java.security.KeyManagementException;
import java.security.KeyStore;
import java.security.KeyStoreException;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.security.UnrecoverableKeyException;
import java.security.cert.CertificateException;
import java.security.cert.X509Certificate;

import javax.net.ssl.SSLContext;
import javax.net.ssl.TrustManager;
import javax.net.ssl.X509TrustManager;

import org.apache.http.HttpVersion;
import org.apache.http.client.HttpClient;
import org.apache.http.conn.ClientConnectionManager;
import org.apache.http.conn.scheme.PlainSocketFactory;
import org.apache.http.conn.scheme.Scheme;
import org.apache.http.conn.scheme.SchemeRegistry;
import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLSocketFactory;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.DefaultHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.impl.conn.tsccm.ThreadSafeClientConnManager;
import org.apache.http.params.BasicHttpParams;
import org.apache.http.params.HttpParams;
import org.apache.http.params.HttpProtocolParams;
import org.apache.http.protocol.HTTP;

//http://stackoverflow.com/questions/2642777/trusting-all-certificates-using-httpclient-over-https
public class MySSLSocketFactory extends SSLSocketFactory {

    SSLContext sslContext = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");

public MySSLSocketFactory(KeyStore truststore) throws NoSuchAlgorithmException, KeyManagementException, KeyStoreException, UnrecoverableKeyException {

    super(truststore);
    TrustManager tm = new X509TrustManager() {

        @Override
        public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) throws CertificateException {
        }

        @Override
        public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) throws CertificateException {
        }

        @Override
        public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
            return null;
        }
    };

    sslContext.init(null, new TrustManager[] { tm }, null);
}

@Override
public Socket createSocket(Socket socket, String host, int port, boolean autoClose) throws IOException, UnknownHostException {
    return sslContext.getSocketFactory().createSocket(socket, host, port, autoClose);
}

@Override
public Socket createSocket() throws IOException {
    return sslContext.getSocketFactory().createSocket();
}



public static HttpClient getNewHttpClient() {

    try {
        KeyStore trustStore = KeyStore.getInstance(KeyStore.getDefaultType());
        trustStore.load(null, null);

        SSLSocketFactory sf = new MySSLSocketFactory(trustStore);
        sf.setHostnameVerifier(SSLSocketFactory.ALLOW_ALL_HOSTNAME_VERIFIER);

        HttpParams params = new BasicHttpParams();
        HttpProtocolParams.setVersion(params, HttpVersion.HTTP_1_1);
        HttpProtocolParams.setContentCharset(params, HTTP.UTF_8);

        SchemeRegistry registry = new SchemeRegistry();
        registry.register(new Scheme("http", PlainSocketFactory.getSocketFactory(), 80));
        registry.register(new Scheme("https", sf, 443));

        ClientConnectionManager ccm = new ThreadSafeClientConnManager(params, registry);

        return new DefaultHttpClient(ccm, params);

    } catch (Exception e) {
        return new DefaultHttpClient();
    }
}

}

Hope it helps someone.

#4th floor

Trusting all certificates is not really an option for me, so I do the following to make HttpsURLConnection trust the new certificate (see also http://nelenkov.blogspot.jp/2011/12/using-custom-certificate-trust-store- on.html ).

  1. Get a certificate; export the certificate in Firefox (click the small lock icon, get the certificate details, click Export), and use portecle Export the Trust Library (BKS) to accomplish this task.

  2. Load the trust library from/res/raw/geotrust_cert.bks using the following code:

     final KeyStore trustStore = KeyStore.getInstance("BKS"); final InputStream in = context.getResources().openRawResource( R.raw.geotrust_cert); trustStore.load(in, null); final TrustManagerFactory tmf = TrustManagerFactory .getInstance(TrustManagerFactory.getDefaultAlgorithm()); tmf.init(trustStore); final SSLContext sslCtx = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS"); sslCtx.init(null, tmf.getTrustManagers(), new java.security.SecureRandom()); HttpsURLConnection.setDefaultSSLSocketFactory(sslCtx .getSocketFactory());

#5th floor

Use all https

httpClient = new DefaultHttpClient();

SSLContext ctx = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");
X509TrustManager tm = new X509TrustManager() {
    public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] xcs, String string) throws CertificateException { }

    public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] xcs, String string) throws CertificateException { }

    public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
        return null;
    }
};

ctx.init(null, new TrustManager[]{tm}, null);
SSLSocketFactory ssf = new SSLSocketFactory(ctx, SSLSocketFactory.ALLOW_ALL_HOSTNAME_VERIFIER);

httpClient.getConnectionManager().getSchemeRegistry().register(new Scheme("https", 443, ssf));

#6th floor

Just use -

public DefaultHttpClient wrapClient(HttpClient base) {
    try {
        SSLContext ctx = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");
        X509TrustManager tm = new X509TrustManager() {
        public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] xcs, String string) throws CertificateException { }

        public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] xcs, String string) throws CertificateException { }

        public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
            return null;
        }
    };
    ctx.init(null, new TrustManager[]{tm}, null);
    SSLSocketFactory ssf = new SSLSocketFactory(ctx);
    ssf.setHostnameVerifier(SSLSocketFactory.ALLOW_ALL_HOSTNAME_VERIFIER);
    ClientConnectionManager ccm = base.getConnectionManager();
    SchemeRegistry sr = ccm.getSchemeRegistry();
    sr.register(new Scheme("https", ssf, 443));
    return new DefaultHttpClient(ccm, base.getParams());
} catch (Exception ex) {
    return null;
}
}

#7th floor

There are many answers above, but I can't make any of them work (for a limited time), so for anyone else in the same situation, you can try the following code, which is perfect for my Java testing purposes:

    public static HttpClient wrapClient(HttpClient base) {
    try {
        SSLContext ctx = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");
        X509TrustManager tm = new X509TrustManager() {
            public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] xcs, String string) throws CertificateException { }

            public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] xcs, String string) throws CertificateException { }

            public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
                return null;
            }
        };
        ctx.init(null, new TrustManager[]{tm}, null);
        SSLSocketFactory ssf = new SSLSocketFactory(ctx);
        ssf.setHostnameVerifier(SSLSocketFactory.ALLOW_ALL_HOSTNAME_VERIFIER);
        ClientConnectionManager ccm = base.getConnectionManager();
        SchemeRegistry sr = ccm.getSchemeRegistry();
        sr.register(new Scheme("https", ssf, 443));
        return new DefaultHttpClient(ccm, base.getParams());
    } catch (Exception ex) {
        return null;
    }
}

Then make a call like this:

DefaultHttpClient baseClient = new DefaultHttpClient();
HttpClient httpClient = wrapClient(baseClient );

Reference resources: http : //tech.chitgoks.com/2011/04/24/how-to-avoid-javax-net-ssl-sslpeerunverifiedexception-peer-not-authenticated-problem-using-apache-httpclient/

#8th floor

Above https://stackoverflow.com/a/6378872/1553004 The code is correct, in addition to calling the host name validator:

    @Override
public Socket createSocket(Socket socket, String host, int port, boolean autoClose) throws IOException {
    SSLSocket sslSocket = (SSLSocket)sslContext.getSocketFactory().createSocket(socket, host, port, autoClose);
    getHostnameVerifier().verify(host, sslSocket);
    return sslSocket;
}

I explicitly registered stackoverflow to add this fix.Watch out for my warnings!

#9th floor

Beginning with API 8, you can disable the HttpURLConnection SSL check for testing by:

    HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
    if (conn instanceof HttpsURLConnection) {
        HttpsURLConnection httpsConn = (HttpsURLConnection) conn;
        httpsConn.setSSLSocketFactory(SSLCertificateSocketFactory.getInsecure(0, null));
        httpsConn.setHostnameVerifier(new AllowAllHostnameVerifier());
    }

#10th floor

I'm adding a response for users using httpclient-4.5, and it may also apply to 4.4.

import java.security.cert.CertificateException;
import java.security.cert.X509Certificate;

import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.client.HttpClient;
import org.apache.http.client.HttpResponseException;
import org.apache.http.client.fluent.ContentResponseHandler;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpPost;
import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.NoopHostnameVerifier;
import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLConnectionSocketFactory;
import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.TrustStrategy;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients;
import org.apache.http.ssl.SSLContextBuilder;



public class HttpClientUtils{

public static HttpClient getHttpClientWithoutSslValidation_UsingHttpClient_4_5_2() {
    try {
        SSLContextBuilder builder = new SSLContextBuilder();
        builder.loadTrustMaterial(null, new TrustStrategy() {
            @Override
            public boolean isTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) throws CertificateException {
                return true;
            }
        });
        SSLConnectionSocketFactory sslsf = new SSLConnectionSocketFactory(builder.build(), new NoopHostnameVerifier());
        CloseableHttpClient httpclient = HttpClients.custom().setSSLSocketFactory(sslsf).build(); 
        return httpclient;
    } catch (Exception e) {
        throw new RuntimeException(e);
    }
}
}

#11th floor

I used it, and it works on all OS s.

/**
 * Disables the SSL certificate checking for new instances of {@link HttpsURLConnection} This has been created to
 * aid testing on a local box, not for use on production.
 */


private static void disableSSLCertificateChecking() {
    TrustManager[] trustAllCerts = new TrustManager[] { new X509TrustManager() {
        public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
            return null;
        }

        @Override
        public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] arg0, String arg1) throws CertificateException {
            // Not implemented
        }

        @Override
        public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] arg0, String arg1) throws CertificateException {
            // Not implemented
        }
    } };

    try {
        SSLContext sc = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");

        sc.init(null, trustAllCerts, new java.security.SecureRandom());

        HttpsURLConnection.setDefaultSSLSocketFactory(sc.getSocketFactory());
    } catch (KeyManagementException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
}

#12th floor

Simply add -Dtrust_all_cert=true to the VM parameter.This parameter tells Java to ignore certificate checking.

13th floor

Note: Do not implement this feature in production code that is used on networks you do not fully trust.Especially any operation through the public Internet.

Your question is what I want to know.After some searches, the conclusions are as follows.

In the HttpClient fashion, you should create a custom class from org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLSocketFactory, not an org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLSocketFactory itself.You can find some clues in this article. Custom SSL processing stopped working on Android 2.2 FroYo .

An example is like...

import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.Socket;
import java.net.UnknownHostException;
import java.security.KeyManagementException;
import java.security.KeyStore;
import java.security.KeyStoreException;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.security.UnrecoverableKeyException;
import java.security.cert.CertificateException;
import java.security.cert.X509Certificate;

import javax.net.ssl.SSLContext;
import javax.net.ssl.TrustManager;
import javax.net.ssl.X509TrustManager;

import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLSocketFactory;
public class MySSLSocketFactory extends SSLSocketFactory {
    SSLContext sslContext = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");

    public MySSLSocketFactory(KeyStore truststore) throws NoSuchAlgorithmException, KeyManagementException, KeyStoreException, UnrecoverableKeyException {
        super(truststore);

        TrustManager tm = new X509TrustManager() {
            public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) throws CertificateException {
            }

            public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) throws CertificateException {
            }

            public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
                return null;
            }
        };

        sslContext.init(null, new TrustManager[] { tm }, null);
    }

    @Override
    public Socket createSocket(Socket socket, String host, int port, boolean autoClose) throws IOException, UnknownHostException {
        return sslContext.getSocketFactory().createSocket(socket, host, port, autoClose);
    }

    @Override
    public Socket createSocket() throws IOException {
        return sslContext.getSocketFactory().createSocket();
    }
}

It is also used when creating HttpClient instances.

public HttpClient getNewHttpClient() {
    try {
        KeyStore trustStore = KeyStore.getInstance(KeyStore.getDefaultType());
        trustStore.load(null, null);

        MySSLSocketFactory sf = new MySSLSocketFactory(trustStore);
        sf.setHostnameVerifier(SSLSocketFactory.ALLOW_ALL_HOSTNAME_VERIFIER);

        HttpParams params = new BasicHttpParams();
        HttpProtocolParams.setVersion(params, HttpVersion.HTTP_1_1);
        HttpProtocolParams.setContentCharset(params, HTTP.UTF_8);

        SchemeRegistry registry = new SchemeRegistry();
        registry.register(new Scheme("http", PlainSocketFactory.getSocketFactory(), 80));
        registry.register(new Scheme("https", sf, 443));

        ClientConnectionManager ccm = new ThreadSafeClientConnManager(params, registry);

        return new DefaultHttpClient(ccm, params);
    } catch (Exception e) {
        return new DefaultHttpClient();
    }
}

By the way, the links below are for people looking for solutions to HttpURLConnection. Https Connect Android

I've tested both of these solutions on froyo and in my case they all work as glamorous.Finally, using HttpURLConnection may encounter redirection issues, but this is beyond the topic.

Note: Before you decide to trust all certificates, you should probably know the site well and not harm the end user.

Indeed, you should carefully consider the risks you take, including the impact of the hacker simulation site mentioned in the comments I highly appreciate below.In some cases, although it may be difficult to handle all certificates, it is best to know the implicit drawbacks of trusting all certificates.

#14th floor

Use this course

public class WCFs
{
    //  https://192.168.30.8/myservice.svc?wsdl
private static final String NAMESPACE = "http://tempuri.org/";
private static final String URL = "192.168.30.8";
private static final String SERVICE = "/myservice.svc?wsdl";
private static String SOAP_ACTION = "http://tempuri.org/iWCFserviceMe/";


public static Thread myMethod(Runnable rp)
{
    String METHOD_NAME = "myMethod";

    SoapObject request = new SoapObject(NAMESPACE, METHOD_NAME);

    request.addProperty("Message", "Https WCF Running...");
    return _call(rp,METHOD_NAME, request);
}

protected static HandlerThread _call(final RunProcess rp,final String METHOD_NAME, SoapObject soapReq)
{
    final SoapSerializationEnvelope envelope = new SoapSerializationEnvelope(SoapEnvelope.VER11);
    int TimeOut = 5*1000;

    envelope.dotNet = true;
    envelope.bodyOut = soapReq;
    envelope.setOutputSoapObject(soapReq);

    final HttpsTransportSE httpTransport_net = new HttpsTransportSE(URL, 443, SERVICE, TimeOut);

    try
    {
        HttpsURLConnection.setDefaultHostnameVerifier(new HostnameVerifier() // use this section if crt file is handmake
        {
            @Override
            public boolean verify(String hostname, SSLSession session)
            {
                return true;
            }
        });

        KeyStore k = getFromRaw(R.raw.key, "PKCS12", "password");
        ((HttpsServiceConnectionSE) httpTransport_net.getServiceConnection()).setSSLSocketFactory(getSSLSocketFactory(k, "SSL"));


    }
    catch(Exception e){}

    HandlerThread thread = new HandlerThread("wcfTd"+ Generator.getRandomNumber())
    {
        @Override
        public void run()
        {
            Handler h = new Handler(Looper.getMainLooper());
            Object response = null;

            for(int i=0; i<4; i++)
            {
                response = send(envelope, httpTransport_net , METHOD_NAME, null);

                try
                {if(Thread.currentThread().isInterrupted()) return;}catch(Exception e){}

                if(response != null)
                    break;

                ThreadHelper.threadSleep(250);
            }

            if(response != null)
            {
                if(rp != null)
                {
                    rp.setArguments(response.toString());
                    h.post(rp);
                }
            }
            else
            {
                if(Thread.currentThread().isInterrupted())
                    return;

                if(rp != null)
                {
                    rp.setExceptionState(true);
                    h.post(rp);
                }
            }

            ThreadHelper.stopThread(this);
        }
    };

    thread.start();

    return thread;
}


private static Object send(SoapSerializationEnvelope envelope, HttpTransportSE androidHttpTransport, String METHOD_NAME, List<HeaderProperty> headerList)
{
    try
    {
        if(headerList != null)
            androidHttpTransport.call(SOAP_ACTION + METHOD_NAME, envelope, headerList);
        else
            androidHttpTransport.call(SOAP_ACTION + METHOD_NAME, envelope);

        Object res = envelope.getResponse();

        if(res instanceof SoapPrimitive)
            return (SoapPrimitive) envelope.getResponse();
        else if(res instanceof SoapObject)
            return ((SoapObject) envelope.getResponse());
    }
    catch(Exception e)
    {}

    return null;
}

public static KeyStore getFromRaw(@RawRes int id, String algorithm, String filePassword)
{
    try
    {
        InputStream inputStream = ResourceMaster.openRaw(id);
        KeyStore keystore = KeyStore.getInstance(algorithm);
        keystore.load(inputStream, filePassword.toCharArray());
        inputStream.close();

        return keystore;
    }
    catch(Exception e)
    {}

    return null;
}

public static SSLSocketFactory getSSLSocketFactory(KeyStore trustKey, String SSLAlgorithm)
{
    try
    {
        TrustManagerFactory tmf = TrustManagerFactory.getInstance(TrustManagerFactory.getDefaultAlgorithm());
        tmf.init(trustKey);

        SSLContext context = SSLContext.getInstance(SSLAlgorithm);//"SSL" "TLS"
        context.init(null, tmf.getTrustManagers(), null);

        return context.getSocketFactory();
    }
    catch(Exception e){}

    return null;
}

}

#15th floor

This code can be completed before adding it to the HttpsURLConnection.I got it!

private void trustEveryone() { 
    try { 
            HttpsURLConnection.setDefaultHostnameVerifier(new HostnameVerifier(){ 
                    public boolean verify(String hostname, SSLSession session) { 
                            return true; 
                    }}); 
            SSLContext context = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS"); 
            context.init(null, new X509TrustManager[]{new X509TrustManager(){ 
                    public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, 
                                    String authType) throws CertificateException {} 
                    public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, 
                                    String authType) throws CertificateException {} 
                    public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() { 
                            return new X509Certificate[0]; 
                    }}}, new SecureRandom()); 
            HttpsURLConnection.setDefaultSSLSocketFactory( 
                            context.getSocketFactory()); 
    } catch (Exception e) { // should never happen 
            e.printStackTrace(); 
    } 
} 

I hope this can help you.

16th floor

That's a bad idea.Full trust in any certificate is slightly better than not using SSL at all.When you say, "I want my client to accept any certificate (because I only point to one server)", you assume that this means that it is safe to point to a server in some way, but it is not on a public network.

By trusting any certificate, you can be completely vulnerable to man-in-the-middle attacks.Anyone can proxy your connection by establishing a separate SSL connection with you and with the terminal server.MITM can then access your entire request and response.You should not blindly trust all certificates unless you do not really need SSL at first (your message has no sensitive content and is not authenticated).

You should consider using keytool to add a public certificate to jks and use it to build a socket factory, for example:

    KeyStore ks = KeyStore.getInstance("JKS");

    // get user password and file input stream
    char[] password = ("mykspassword")).toCharArray();
    ClassLoader cl = this.getClass().getClassLoader();
    InputStream stream = cl.getResourceAsStream("myjks.jks");
    ks.load(stream, password);
    stream.close();

    SSLContext sc = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");
    KeyManagerFactory kmf = KeyManagerFactory.getInstance("SunX509");
    TrustManagerFactory tmf = TrustManagerFactory.getInstance("SunX509");

    kmf.init(ks, password);
    tmf.init(ks);

    sc.init(kmf.getKeyManagers(), tmf.getTrustManagers(),null);

    return sc.getSocketFactory();

There is a warning that needs attention.The certificate will eventually expire and the code will stop working at that time.You can easily determine when this happens by looking at the certificate.

#17 Floor

Enter picture description here

sspi in xamarin android failed.

I found a solution; put this code before clicking on the HTTPS link

const SslProtocols _Tls12 = (SslProtocols)0x00000C00;
const SecurityProtocolType Tls12 = (SecurityProtocolType)_Tls12;
ServicePointManager.SecurityProtocol = Tls12;

#18th floor

Basically, there are four possible solutions for fixing untrusted exceptions on Android using httpclient:

  1. Trust all certificates.Don't do this unless you really know what you're doing.
  2. Create a custom SSLSocketFactory that only trusts your certificate.This method works as long as you know exactly which servers you want to connect to, but once you need to connect to a new server using another SSL certificate, you need to update the application.
  3. Create a keybase file that contains the Master List of Android certificates and add your own certificates.If any of these certificates will fail in the future, it is your responsibility to update them in your application.I can't think of a reason for doing so.
  4. Create a custom SSLSocketFactory that uses the built-in certificate KeyStore, but uses any content on the alternate KeyStore that cannot be verified with default values.

This answer uses solution #4, which, in my opinion, is the most reliable solution.

The solution is to use an SLSocketFactory that can accept multiple KeyStores, allowing you to provide your own certificates for your KeyStore.This allows you to load other top-level certificates that may be missing from some Android devices, such as Thawte.It also allows you to load your own self-signed certificate.It will first use the built-in default device certificate, then use other certificates only if necessary.

First, you need to determine which certificates are missing from KeyStore.Run the following command:

openssl s_client -connect www.yourserver.com:443

You will see output similar to the following:

Certificate chain
 0 s:/O=www.yourserver.com/OU=Go to 
   https://www.thawte.com/repository/index.html/OU=Thawte SSL123 
   certificate/OU=Domain Validated/CN=www.yourserver.com
   i:/C=US/O=Thawte, Inc./OU=Domain Validated SSL/CN=Thawte DV SSL CA
 1 s:/C=US/O=Thawte, Inc./OU=Domain Validated SSL/CN=Thawte DV SSL CA
   i:/C=US/O=thawte, Inc./OU=Certification Services Division/OU=(c) 
   2006 thawte, Inc. - For authorized use only/CN=thawte Primary Root CA

As you can see, our root certificate is from Thawte.Go to the provider's website and find the appropriate certificate.For us, it's just Here You can see that what we need is copyright 2006.

If you are using a self-signed certificate, you do not need to perform the previous step because you already have a signing certificate.

Then, create a keybase file that contains the missing signing certificate.Crazybob contains Details of how to do this on Android But the idea is to do the following:

If it is not already installed, please install it from http://www.bouncycastle.org/latest_releases.html Download the Inflated Castle Provider Library.This is done in the class path below.

Run the command to extract the certificate from the server and create a PEM file.In this case, mycert.pem.

echo | openssl s_client -connect ${MY_SERVER}:443 2>&1 | \
 sed -ne '/-BEGIN CERTIFICATE-/,/-END CERTIFICATE-/p' > mycert.pem

Then run the following command to create the keystore.

export CLASSPATH=/path/to/bouncycastle/bcprov-jdk15on-155.jar
CERTSTORE=res/raw/mystore.bks
if [ -a $CERTSTORE ]; then
    rm $CERTSTORE || exit 1
fi
keytool \
      -import \
      -v \
      -trustcacerts \
      -alias 0 \
      -file <(openssl x509 -in mycert.pem) \
      -keystore $CERTSTORE \
      -storetype BKS \
      -provider org.bouncycastle.jce.provider.BouncyCastleProvider \
      -providerpath /path/to/bouncycastle/bcprov-jdk15on-155.jar \
      -storepass some-password

You will notice that the script above places the results in res/raw/mystore.bks.Now you will have a file that you can load into an Android application that provides the missing certificate.

To do this, register the SSLSocketFactory for the SSL scheme:

final SchemeRegistry schemeRegistry = new SchemeRegistry();
schemeRegistry.register(new Scheme("http", PlainSocketFactory.getSocketFactory(), 80));
schemeRegistry.register(new Scheme("https", createAdditionalCertsSSLSocketFactory(), 443));

// and then however you create your connection manager, I use ThreadSafeClientConnManager
final HttpParams params = new BasicHttpParams();
...
final ThreadSafeClientConnManager cm = new ThreadSafeClientConnManager(params,schemeRegistry);

To create an SSLSocketFactory:

protected org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLSocketFactory createAdditionalCertsSSLSocketFactory() {
    try {
        final KeyStore ks = KeyStore.getInstance("BKS");

        // the bks file we generated above
        final InputStream in = context.getResources().openRawResource( R.raw.mystore);  
        try {
            // don't forget to put the password used above in strings.xml/mystore_password
            ks.load(in, context.getString( R.string.mystore_password ).toCharArray());
        } finally {
            in.close();
        }

        return new AdditionalKeyStoresSSLSocketFactory(ks);

    } catch( Exception e ) {
        throw new RuntimeException(e);
    }
}

Finally, the AdditionalKeyStoresSSLSocketFactory code, which accepts your new KeyStore and checks if the built-in KeyStore cannot verify the SSL certificate:

/**
 * Allows you to trust certificates from additional KeyStores in addition to
 * the default KeyStore
 */
public class AdditionalKeyStoresSSLSocketFactory extends SSLSocketFactory {
    protected SSLContext sslContext = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");

    public AdditionalKeyStoresSSLSocketFactory(KeyStore keyStore) throws NoSuchAlgorithmException, KeyManagementException, KeyStoreException, UnrecoverableKeyException {
        super(null, null, null, null, null, null);
        sslContext.init(null, new TrustManager[]{new AdditionalKeyStoresTrustManager(keyStore)}, null);
    }

    @Override
    public Socket createSocket(Socket socket, String host, int port, boolean autoClose) throws IOException {
        return sslContext.getSocketFactory().createSocket(socket, host, port, autoClose);
    }

    @Override
    public Socket createSocket() throws IOException {
        return sslContext.getSocketFactory().createSocket();
    }



    /**
     * Based on http://download.oracle.com/javase/1.5.0/docs/guide/security/jsse/JSSERefGuide.html#X509TrustManager
     */
    public static class AdditionalKeyStoresTrustManager implements X509TrustManager {

        protected ArrayList<X509TrustManager> x509TrustManagers = new ArrayList<X509TrustManager>();


        protected AdditionalKeyStoresTrustManager(KeyStore... additionalkeyStores) {
            final ArrayList<TrustManagerFactory> factories = new ArrayList<TrustManagerFactory>();

            try {
                // The default Trustmanager with default keystore
                final TrustManagerFactory original = TrustManagerFactory.getInstance(TrustManagerFactory.getDefaultAlgorithm());
                original.init((KeyStore) null);
                factories.add(original);

                for( KeyStore keyStore : additionalkeyStores ) {
                    final TrustManagerFactory additionalCerts = TrustManagerFactory.getInstance(TrustManagerFactory.getDefaultAlgorithm());
                    additionalCerts.init(keyStore);
                    factories.add(additionalCerts);
                }

            } catch (Exception e) {
                throw new RuntimeException(e);
            }



            /*
             * Iterate over the returned trustmanagers, and hold on
             * to any that are X509TrustManagers
             */
            for (TrustManagerFactory tmf : factories)
                for( TrustManager tm : tmf.getTrustManagers() )
                    if (tm instanceof X509TrustManager)
                        x509TrustManagers.add( (X509TrustManager)tm );


            if( x509TrustManagers.size()==0 )
                throw new RuntimeException("Couldn't find any X509TrustManagers");

        }

        /*
         * Delegate to the default trust manager.
         */
        public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) throws CertificateException {
            final X509TrustManager defaultX509TrustManager = x509TrustManagers.get(0);
            defaultX509TrustManager.checkClientTrusted(chain, authType);
        }

        /*
         * Loop over the trustmanagers until we find one that accepts our server
         */
        public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) throws CertificateException {
            for( X509TrustManager tm : x509TrustManagers ) {
                try {
                    tm.checkServerTrusted(chain,authType);
                    return;
                } catch( CertificateException e ) {
                    // ignore
                }
            }
            throw new CertificateException();
        }

        public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
            final ArrayList<X509Certificate> list = new ArrayList<X509Certificate>();
            for( X509TrustManager tm : x509TrustManagers )
                list.addAll(Arrays.asList(tm.getAcceptedIssuers()));
            return list.toArray(new X509Certificate[list.size()]);
        }
    }

}

#19th floor

Daniel's Answer Great, but I have to change this code...

    SchemeRegistry registry = new SchemeRegistry();
    registry.register(new Scheme("http", PlainSocketFactory.getSocketFactory(), 80));
    registry.register(new Scheme("https", sf, 443));

    ClientConnectionManager ccm = new ThreadSafeClientConnManager(params, registry);

This code...

    ClientConnectionManager ccm = new ThreadSafeClientConnManager(params, registry);
    SchemeRegistry registry = ccm.getShemeRegistry()
    registry.register(new Scheme("http", PlainSocketFactory.getSocketFactory(), 80));
    registry.register(new Scheme("https", sf, 443));

Make it work.

6520th floor

This is a simple version using 4.1.2 httpclient code.It can then be modified to any trust algorithm you think is appropriate.

public static HttpClient getTestHttpClient() {
    try {
        SSLSocketFactory sf = new SSLSocketFactory(new TrustStrategy(){
            @Override
            public boolean isTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain,
                    String authType) throws CertificateException {
                return true;
            }
        });
        SchemeRegistry registry = new SchemeRegistry();
        registry.register(new Scheme("https", 443, sf));
        ClientConnectionManager ccm = new ThreadSafeClientConnManager(registry);
        return new DefaultHttpClient(ccm);
    } catch (Exception e) {
        return new DefaultHttpClient();
    }
}

#21th floor

I see a response from "emmby" (answered at 21:29 on June 16, 11), item #4: "Create a custom SSLSocketFactory that uses the built-in certificate KeyStore, but falls back to the alternate KeyStore for default validation due to any failure."

This is a simplified implementation.Load the system key library and merge it with the application key library.

public HttpClient getNewHttpClient() {
    try {
        InputStream in = null;
        // Load default system keystore
        KeyStore trusted = KeyStore.getInstance(KeyStore.getDefaultType()); 
        try {
            in = new BufferedInputStream(new FileInputStream(System.getProperty("javax.net.ssl.trustStore"))); // Normally: "/system/etc/security/cacerts.bks"
            trusted.load(in, null); // no password is "changeit"
        } finally {
            if (in != null) {
                in.close();
                in = null;
            }
        }

        // Load application keystore & merge with system
        try {
            KeyStore appTrusted = KeyStore.getInstance("BKS"); 
            in = context.getResources().openRawResource(R.raw.mykeystore);
            appTrusted.load(in, null); // no password is "changeit"
            for (Enumeration<String> e = appTrusted.aliases(); e.hasMoreElements();) {
                final String alias = e.nextElement();
                final KeyStore.Entry entry = appTrusted.getEntry(alias, null);
                trusted.setEntry(System.currentTimeMillis() + ":" + alias, entry, null);
            }
        } finally {
            if (in != null) {
                in.close();
                in = null;
            }
        }

        HttpParams params = new BasicHttpParams();
        HttpProtocolParams.setVersion(params, HttpVersion.HTTP_1_1);
        HttpProtocolParams.setContentCharset(params, HTTP.UTF_8);

        SSLSocketFactory sf = new SSLSocketFactory(trusted);
        sf.setHostnameVerifier(SSLSocketFactory.BROWSER_COMPATIBLE_HOSTNAME_VERIFIER);

        SchemeRegistry registry = new SchemeRegistry();
        registry.register(new Scheme("http", PlainSocketFactory.getSocketFactory(), 80));
        registry.register(new Scheme("https", sf, 443));

        ClientConnectionManager ccm = new ThreadSafeClientConnManager(params, registry);

        return new DefaultHttpClient(ccm, params);
    } catch (Exception e) {
        return new DefaultHttpClient();
    }
}

Simple mode for converting from JKS to BKS:

keytool -importkeystore -destkeystore cacerts.bks -deststoretype BKS -providerclass org.bouncycastle.jce.provider.BouncyCastleProvider -providerpath bcprov-jdk16-141.jar -deststorepass changeit -srcstorepass changeit -srckeystore $JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/security/cacerts -srcstoretype JKS -noprompt

*Note: In Android 4.0 (ICS), the trust library has changed, more information: http : //nelenkov.blogspot.com.es/2011/12/ics-trust-store-implementation.html

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Tags: Java SSL Apache socket

Posted on Wed, 12 Feb 2020 19:10:51 -0800 by demouser