How to use Java to download and save files from the Internet?

I need to get an online file (for example, http://www.example.com/information.asp) and save it in the directory. I know there are several ways to capture and read online files (URL s) line by line, but is there a way to download and save files using Java?

#1 building

import java.io.*;
import java.net.*;

public class filedown {
    public static void download(String address, String localFileName) {
        OutputStream out = null;
        URLConnection conn = null;
        InputStream in = null;

        try {
            URL url = new URL(address);
            out = new BufferedOutputStream(new FileOutputStream(localFileName));
            conn = url.openConnection();
            in = conn.getInputStream();
            byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];

            int numRead;
            long numWritten = 0;

            while ((numRead = in.read(buffer)) != -1) {
                out.write(buffer, 0, numRead);
                numWritten += numRead;
            }

            System.out.println(localFileName + "\t" + numWritten);
        } 
        catch (Exception exception) { 
            exception.printStackTrace();
        } 
        finally {
            try {
                if (in != null) {
                    in.close();
                }
                if (out != null) {
                    out.close();
                }
            } 
            catch (IOException ioe) {
            }
        }
    }

    public static void download(String address) {
        int lastSlashIndex = address.lastIndexOf('/');
        if (lastSlashIndex >= 0 &&
        lastSlashIndex < address.length() - 1) {
            download(address, (new URL(address)).getFile());
        } 
        else {
            System.err.println("Could not figure out local file name for "+address);
        }
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        for (int i = 0; i < args.length; i++) {
            download(args[i]);
        }
    }
}

#2 building

Nio is easier to use:

URL website = new URL("http://www.website.com/information.asp");
try (InputStream in = website.openStream()) {
    Files.copy(in, target, StandardCopyOption.REPLACE_EXISTING);
}

#3 building

There is a problem with simple use:

org.apache.commons.io.FileUtils.copyURLToFile(URL, File) 

If you need to download and save very large files, or usually you need to automatically retry to prevent the connection from breaking.

In this case, I recommend Apache HttpClient and org.apache.commons.io.FileUtils. For example:

GetMethod method = new GetMethod(resource_url);
try {
    int statusCode = client.executeMethod(method);
    if (statusCode != HttpStatus.SC_OK) {
        logger.error("Get method failed: " + method.getStatusLine());
    }       
    org.apache.commons.io.FileUtils.copyInputStreamToFile(
        method.getResponseBodyAsStream(), new File(resource_file));
    } catch (HttpException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    } catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    } finally {
    method.releaseConnection();
}

#4 building

This answer is almost the same as the selected one, but with two enhancements: This is a method that closes the FileOutputStream object:

    public static void downloadFileFromURL(String urlString, File destination) {    
        try {
            URL website = new URL(urlString);
            ReadableByteChannel rbc;
            rbc = Channels.newChannel(website.openStream());
            FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(destination);
            fos.getChannel().transferFrom(rbc, 0, Long.MAX_VALUE);
            fos.close();
            rbc.close();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

#5 building

Use Java 7 + to download files from the Internet and save them to a directory using the following methods:

private static Path download(String sourceURL, String targetDirectory) throws IOException
{
    URL url = new URL(sourceURL);
    String fileName = sourceURL.substring(sourceURL.lastIndexOf('/') + 1, sourceURL.length());
    Path targetPath = new File(targetDirectory + File.separator + fileName).toPath();
    Files.copy(url.openStream(), targetPath, StandardCopyOption.REPLACE_EXISTING);

    return targetPath;
}

File Ad locum .

Tags: Java Apache

Posted on Sat, 01 Feb 2020 06:32:32 -0800 by stonefish