How to check if a package is installed on Ubuntu

If you are managing Debian or Ubuntu servers, you may often use dpkg or apt get commands. These two commands are used to install, uninstall, and update packages.

In this article, let's look at how to check if a package is installed on a DEB based system.

To check whether a specific package, such as firefox, is installed, use this command:

dpkg -s firefox

Sample output:

Package: firefox Status: install ok installed Priority: optional
Section: web Installed-Size: 93339 Maintainer: Ubuntu Mozilla Team
ubuntu-mozillateam@lists.ubuntu.com Architecture: amd64 Version:
35.0+build3-0ubuntu0.14.04.2 Replaces: kubuntu-firefox-installer Provides: gnome-www-browser, iceweasel, www-browser Depends:
lsb-release, libasound2 (>= 1.0.16), libatk1.0-0 (>= 1.12.4), libc6
(>= 2.17), libcairo2 (>= 1.2.4), libdbus-1-3 (>= 1.0.2),
libdbus-glib-1-2 (>= 0.78), libfontconfig1 (>= 2.9.0), libfreetype6
(>= 2.2.1), libgcc1 (>= 1:4.1.1), libgdk-pixbuf2.0-0 (>= 2.22.0),
libglib2.0-0 (>= 2.37.3), libgtk2.0-0 (>= 2.24.0), libpango-1.0-0 (>=
1.22.0), libpangocairo-1.0-0 (>= 1.14.0), libstartup-notification0 (>= 0.8), libstdc++6 (>= 4.6), libx11-6, libxcomposite1 (>= 1:0.3-1), libxdamage1 (>= 1:1.1), libxext6, libxfixes3, libxrender1, libxt6
Recommends: xul-ext-ubufox, libcanberra0, libdbusmenu-glib4,
libdbusmenu-gtk4 Suggests: ttf-lyx Conffiles:
/etc/firefox/syspref.js 09e457e65435a1a043521f2bd19cd2a1
/etc/apport/blacklist.d/firefox ee63264f847e671832d42255912ce144
/etc/apport/native-origins.d/firefox 7c26b75c7c2b715c89cc6d85338252a4
/etc/apparmor.d/usr.bin.firefox f54f7a43361c7ecfa3874abca2f292cf
Description: Safe and easy web browser from Mozilla Firefox delivers
safe, easy web browsing. A familiar user interface, enhanced security
features including protection from online identity theft, and
integrated search let you get the most out of the web. Xul-Appid:
{ec8030f7-c20a-464f-9b0e-13a3a9e97384}

As you can see, firefox is already installed.

Again, you can use the dpkg query command. This command will have a better output, of course, you can use wildcards.

dpkg-query -l firefox

Sample output:

Desired=Unknown/Install/Remove/Purge/Hold |
Status=Not/Inst/Conf-files/Unpacked/halF-conf/Half-inst/trig-aWait/Trig-pend |/ Err?=(none)/Reinst-required (Status,Err: uppercase=bad) ||/ Name
Version Architecture Description
+++-====================================-=======================-=======================-============================================================================= ii firefox 35.0+build3-0ubuntu0.14 amd64
Safe and easy web browser from Mozilla

To list all packages installed on your system, enter the following command:

dpkg --get-selections

Sample output:

abiword install abiword-common
install accountsservice install acl
install adduser install alsa-base
install alsa-utils install anacron
install app-install-data install apparmor
install ... zeitgeist install zeitgeist-core
install zeitgeist-datahub install zenity
install zenity-common install zip
install zlib1g:amd64 install zlib1g:i386
install

The output above can be very long, depending on the packages installed on your system.

You can also filter and cut more accurate packets through grep. For example, I want to use the dpkg command to view the gcc packages installed in the system:

dpkg --get-selections | grep gcc

Sample output:

gcc install gcc-4.8
install gcc-4.8-base:amd64 install gcc-4.8-base:i386
install gcc-4.9-base:amd64 install gcc-4.9-base:i386
install libgcc-4.8-dev:amd64 install libgcc1:amd64
install libgcc1:i386 install

In addition, you can use the "- L" parameter to find the location of the files in the package.

dpkg -L gcc-4.8

Sample output:

/. /usr /usr/share /usr/share/doc /usr/share/doc/gcc-4.8-base
/usr/share/doc/gcc-4.8-base/README.Bugs
/usr/share/doc/gcc-4.8-base/NEWS.html
/usr/share/doc/gcc-4.8-base/quadmath
/usr/share/doc/gcc-4.8-base/quadmath/changelog.gz
/usr/share/doc/gcc-4.8-base/gcc ...
/usr/bin/x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc-4.8 /usr/bin/x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc-ar-4.8
/usr/bin/x86_64-linux-gnu-gcov-4.8

That's it. I hope it works for you.

Tags: Firefox Ubuntu Linux

Posted on Sat, 02 May 2020 12:31:17 -0700 by dadamssg