How do I print method names and line numbers and conditionally disable NSLog?

I'm doing a presentation on debugging in Xcode, and I want to get more information about using NSLog.

In particular, I have two questions:

  • Is there any way to easily NSLog the name / line number of the current method?
  • Is there any way to "disable" all nslogs easily before compiling and publishing code?

#1 building

Based on the above answers, this is what I copied and came up with. Memory records have also been added.

#import <mach/mach.h>

#ifdef DEBUG
#   define DebugLog(fmt, ...) NSLog((@"%s(%d) " fmt), __PRETTY_FUNCTION__, __LINE__, ##__VA_ARGS__);
#else
#   define DebugLog(...)
#endif


#define AlwaysLog(fmt, ...) NSLog((@"%s(%d) " fmt), __PRETTY_FUNCTION__, __LINE__, ##__VA_ARGS__);


#ifdef DEBUG
#   define AlertLog(fmt, ...)  { \
    UIAlertView *alert = [[UIAlertView alloc] \
            initWithTitle : [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%s(Line: %d) ", __PRETTY_FUNCTION__, __LINE__]\
                  message : [NSString stringWithFormat : fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__]\
                 delegate : nil\
        cancelButtonTitle : @"Ok"\
        otherButtonTitles : nil];\
    [alert show];\
}
#else
#   define AlertLog(...)
#endif



#ifdef DEBUG
#   define DPFLog NSLog(@"%s(%d)", __PRETTY_FUNCTION__, __LINE__);//Debug Pretty Function Log
#else
#   define DPFLog
#endif


#ifdef DEBUG
#   define MemoryLog {\
    struct task_basic_info info;\
    mach_msg_type_number_t size = sizeof(info);\
    kern_return_t e = task_info(mach_task_self(),\
                                   TASK_BASIC_INFO,\
                                   (task_info_t)&info,\
                                   &size);\
    if(KERN_SUCCESS == e) {\
        NSNumberFormatter *formatter = [[NSNumberFormatter alloc] init]; \
        [formatter setNumberStyle:NSNumberFormatterDecimalStyle]; \
        DebugLog(@"%@ bytes", [formatter stringFromNumber:[NSNumber numberWithInteger:info.resident_size]]);\
    } else {\
        DebugLog(@"Error with task_info(): %s", mach_error_string(e));\
    }\
}
#else
#   define MemoryLog
#endif

#2 building

You can easily change existing nslogs to show the line numbers and classes that call them. Add a line of code to the prefix file:

#define NSLog(__FORMAT__, ...) NSLog((@"%s [Line %d] " __FORMAT__), __PRETTY_FUNCTION__, __LINE__, ##__VA_ARGS__)

#3 building

Here's a bunch of debugging constants we use. Please enjoy.

// Uncomment the defitions to show additional info.

//  #define DEBUG

//  #define DEBUGWHERE_SHOWFULLINFO

//  #define DEBUG_SHOWLINES
//  #define DEBUG_SHOWFULLPATH
//  #define DEBUG_SHOWSEPARATORS
//  #define DEBUG_SHOWFULLINFO


// Definition of DEBUG functions. Only work if DEBUG is defined.
#ifdef DEBUG 

    #define debug_separator() NSLog( @"────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────" );

    #ifdef DEBUG_SHOWSEPARATORS
        #define debug_showSeparators() debug_separator();
    #else
        #define debug_showSeparators()
    #endif

    /// /// /// ////// ///// 

    #ifdef DEBUG_SHOWFULLPATH
        #define debug_whereFull() debug_showSeparators(); NSLog(@"Line:%d : %s : %s", __LINE__,__FILE__,__FUNCTION__); debug_showSeparators(); 
    #else
        #define debug_whereFull() debug_showSeparators(); NSLog(@"Line:%d : %s : %s", __LINE__,[ [ [ [NSString alloc] initWithBytes:__FILE__ length:strlen(__FILE__) encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding] lastPathComponent] UTF8String ] ,__FUNCTION__); debug_showSeparators(); 
    #endif

    /// /// /// ////// ///// 

    #define debugExt(args,...) debug_separator(); debug_whereFull(); NSLog( args, ##__VA_ARGS__); debug_separator();

    /// /// /// ////// ///// Debug Print Macros

    #ifdef DEBUG_SHOWFULLINFO
        #define debug(args,...) debugExt(args, ##__VA_ARGS__);
    #else
        #ifdef DEBUG_SHOWLINES
            #define debug(args,...) debug_showSeparators(); NSLog([ NSString stringWithFormat:@"Line:%d : %@", __LINE__, args ], ##__VA_ARGS__); debug_showSeparators();
        #else
            #define debug(args,...) debug_showSeparators(); NSLog(args, ##__VA_ARGS__); debug_showSeparators();
        #endif
    #endif

    /// /// /// ////// ///// Debug Specific Types

    #define debug_object( arg ) debug( @"Object: %@", arg );
    #define debug_int( arg ) debug( @"integer: %i", arg );
    #define debug_float( arg ) debug( @"float: %f", arg );
    #define debug_rect( arg ) debug( @"CGRect ( %f, %f, %f, %f)", arg.origin.x, arg.origin.y, arg.size.width, arg.size.height );
    #define debug_point( arg ) debug( @"CGPoint ( %f, %f )", arg.x, arg.y );
    #define debug_bool( arg )   debug( @"Boolean: %@", ( arg == YES ? @"YES" : @"NO" ) );

    /// /// /// ////// ///// Debug Where Macros

    #ifdef DEBUGWHERE_SHOWFULLINFO
        #define debug_where() debug_whereFull(); 
    #else
        #define debug_where() debug(@"%s",__FUNCTION__); 
    #endif

    #define debug_where_separators() debug_separator(); debug_where(); debug_separator();

    /// /// /// ////// /////

#else
    #define debug(args,...) 
    #define debug_separator()  
    #define debug_where()   
    #define debug_where_separators()  
    #define debug_whereFull()   
    #define debugExt(args,...)
    #define debug_object( arg ) 
    #define debug_int( arg ) 
    #define debug_rect( arg )   
    #define debug_bool( arg )   
    #define debug_point( arg )
    #define debug_float( arg )
#endif

#4 building

For a while, I have been using the above macro sites. My focus is on logging in to the console, and the emphasis is on the verbosity of control and filtering; if you don't mind a lot of log lines, but want to easily open and close their batches, you may find this useful.

First, I can choose to replace NSLog with printf, as described in @ Rodrigo above

#define NSLOG_DROPCHAFF//comment out to get usual date/time ,etc:2011-11-03 13:43:55.632 myApp[3739:207] Hello Word

#ifdef NSLOG_DROPCHAFF
#define NSLog(FORMAT, ...) printf("%s\n", [[NSString stringWithFormat:FORMAT, ##__VA_ARGS__] UTF8String]);
#endif

Next, I turn on or off login.

#ifdef DEBUG
#define LOG_CATEGORY_DETAIL// comment out to turn all conditional logging off while keeping other DEBUG features
#endif

In the main block, define the various categories that correspond to the modules in the application. Also define a logging level above which logging calls will not be called and then various styles of NSLog output will be defined

#ifdef LOG_CATEGORY_DETAIL

    //define the categories using bitwise leftshift operators
    #define kLogGCD (1<<0)
    #define kLogCoreCreate (1<<1)
    #define kLogModel (1<<2)
    #define kLogVC (1<<3)
    #define kLogFile (1<<4)
    //etc

    //add the categories that should be logged...
    #define kLOGIFcategory kLogModel+kLogVC+kLogCoreCreate

    //...and the maximum detailLevel to report (use -1 to override the category switch)
    #define kLOGIFdetailLTEQ 4

    // output looks like this:"-[AppDelegate myMethod] log string..."
    #   define myLog(category,detailLevel,format, ...) if(detailLevel<0 || ((category&kLOGIFcategory)&&detailLevel<= kLOGIFdetailLTEQ)) {NSLog((@"%s " format), __PRETTY_FUNCTION__, ##__VA_ARGS__);}

    // output also shows line number:"-[AppDelegate myMethod][l17]  log string..."
    #   define myLogLine(category,detailLevel,format, ...) if(detailLevel<0 || ((category&kLOGIFcategory)&&detailLevel<= kLOGIFdetailLTEQ)) {NSLog((@"%s[l%i] " format), __PRETTY_FUNCTION__,__LINE__ ,##__VA_ARGS__);}

    // output very simple:" log string..."
    #   define myLogSimple(category,detailLevel,format, ...) if(detailLevel<0 || ((category&kLOGIFcategory)&&detailLevel<= kLOGIFdetailLTEQ)) {NSLog((@"" format), ##__VA_ARGS__);}

    //as myLog but only shows method name: "myMethod: log string..."
    // (Doesn't work in C-functions)
    #   define myLog_cmd(category,detailLevel,format,...) if(detailLevel<0 || ((category&kLOGIFcategory)&&detailLevel<= kLOGIFdetailLTEQ)) {NSLog((@"%@: " format), NSStringFromSelector(_cmd), ##__VA_ARGS__);}

    //as myLogLine but only shows method name: "myMethod>l17: log string..."
    #   define myLog_cmdLine(category,detailLevel,format, ...) if(detailLevel<0 || ((category&kLOGIFcategory)&&detailLevel<= kLOGIFdetailLTEQ)) {NSLog((@"%@>l%i: " format), NSStringFromSelector(_cmd),__LINE__ , ##__VA_ARGS__);}

    //or define your own...
   // # define myLogEAGLcontext(category,detailLevel,format, ...) if(detailLevel<0 || ((category&kLOGIFcategory)&&detailLevel<= kLOGIFdetailLTEQ)) {NSLog((@"%s>l%i (ctx:%@)" format), __PRETTY_FUNCTION__,__LINE__ ,[EAGLContext currentContext], ##__VA_ARGS__);}

#else
    #   define myLog_cmd(...)
    #   define myLog_cmdLine(...)
    #   define myLog(...)
    #   define myLogLine(...)
    #   define myLogSimple(...)
    //#   define myLogEAGLcontext(...)
#endif

Therefore, for the current settings of kLOGIFcategory and kLOGIFdetailLTEQ, call

myLogLine(kLogVC, 2, @"%@",self);

Will print, but this will not

myLogLine(kLogGCD, 2, @"%@",self);//GCD not being printed

Also will not

myLogLine(kLogGCD, 12, @"%@",self);//level too high

If you want to override the settings for a single log call, use the negative level:

myLogLine(kLogGCD, -2, @"%@",self);//now printed even tho' GCD category not active.

I found several extra characters in each line worth it

  1. Turn the entire comment category on or off (for example, report only those phones marked as models)
  2. Report the most important calls with high-level numbers in fine detail or with low numbers only

I'm sure many people will find this a bit excessive, but in case someone finds it suitable for their purpose

#5 building

For example, it's simple

- (void)applicationWillEnterForeground: (UIApplication *)application {

 NSLog(@"%s", __PRETTY_FUNCTION__);

}

Output: - [appdelegate applicationwillenterforegroup:]

Tags: xcode encoding

Posted on Sun, 26 Jan 2020 02:09:22 -0800 by peanutbutter