Android "Only the original thread that created the view hierarchy can touch its view."

I've built a simple music player in Android.Each song's view contains a SeekBar, which is implemented as follows:

public class Song extends Activity implements OnClickListener,Runnable {
    private SeekBar progress;
    private MediaPlayer mp;

    // ...

    private ServiceConnection onService = new ServiceConnection() {
          public void onServiceConnected(ComponentName className,
            IBinder rawBinder) {
              appService = ((MPService.LocalBinder)rawBinder).getService(); // service that handles the MediaPlayer
              progress.setVisibility(SeekBar.VISIBLE);
              progress.setProgress(0);
              mp = appService.getMP();
              appService.playSong(title);
              progress.setMax(mp.getDuration());
              new Thread(Song.this).start();
          }
          public void onServiceDisconnected(ComponentName classname) {
              appService = null;
          }
    };

    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.song);

        // ...

        progress = (SeekBar) findViewById(R.id.progress);

        // ...
    }

    public void run() {
    int pos = 0;
    int total = mp.getDuration();
    while (mp != null && pos<total) {
        try {
            Thread.sleep(1000);
            pos = appService.getSongPosition();
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            return;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            return;
        }
        progress.setProgress(pos);
    }
}

That's ok.Now I need a timer to calculate the seconds/minutes of the song's progress.So I put TextView in the layout, fetch it with findViewById() on onCreate(), and run() progress.setProgress(pos) after progress.setProgress(pos):

String time = String.format("%d:%d",
            TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS.toMinutes(pos),
            TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS.toSeconds(pos),
            TimeUnit.MINUTES.toSeconds(TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS.toMinutes(
                    pos))
            );
currentTime.setText(time);  // currentTime = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.current_time);

But the last line gives me an exception:

Android.view.ViewRoot $CalledFromWrongThreadException: Only the original thread that created the view hierarchy can touch its view.

But what I do here is basically the same as what SeekBar does - create a view in onCreate and touch it in run() - but that doesn't give me that complaint.

#1st floor

I solve this problem by putting runOnUiThread (new Runnable (){..into run():

thread = new Thread(){
        @Override
        public void run() {
            try {
                synchronized (this) {
                    wait(5000);

                    runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {
                        @Override
                        public void run() {
                            dbloadingInfo.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                            bar.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE);
                            loadingText.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE);
                        }
                    });

                }
            } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            Intent mainActivity = new Intent(getApplicationContext(),MainActivity.class);
            startActivity(mainActivity);
        };
    };  
    thread.start();

#2nd floor

I see that you have accepted the answer from @providence.Just in case, you can also use handlers!First, execute the int field.

    private static final int SHOW_LOG = 1;
    private static final int HIDE_LOG = 0;

Next, you'll use the handler instance as a field.

    //TODO __________[ Handler ]__________
    @SuppressLint("HandlerLeak")
    protected Handler handler = new Handler()
    {
        @Override
        public void handleMessage(Message msg)
        {
            // Put code here...

            // Set a switch statement to toggle it on or off.
            switch(msg.what)
            {
            case SHOW_LOG:
            {
                ads.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                break;
            }
            case HIDE_LOG:
            {
                ads.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                break;
            }
            }
        }
    };

Develop methods.

//TODO __________[ Callbacks ]__________
@Override
public void showHandler(boolean show)
{
    handler.sendEmptyMessage(show ? SHOW_LOG : HIDE_LOG);
}

Finally, place it in the onCreate() method.

showHandler(true);

#3rd floor

For me, the problem is that I explicitly called onProgressUpdate() from my code.This should not be done.Instead, I called publishProgress(), and the error was resolved.

#4th floor

My solution for this:

private void setText(final TextView text,final String value){
    runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {
        @Override
        public void run() {
            text.setText(value);
        }
    });
}

This method is called on a background thread.

#5th floor

This is the stack trace of the exception mentioned

        at android.view.ViewRootImpl.checkThread(ViewRootImpl.java:6149)
        at android.view.ViewRootImpl.requestLayout(ViewRootImpl.java:843)
        at android.view.View.requestLayout(View.java:16474)
        at android.view.View.requestLayout(View.java:16474)
        at android.view.View.requestLayout(View.java:16474)
        at android.view.View.requestLayout(View.java:16474)
        at android.widget.RelativeLayout.requestLayout(RelativeLayout.java:352)
        at android.view.View.requestLayout(View.java:16474)
        at android.widget.RelativeLayout.requestLayout(RelativeLayout.java:352)
        at android.view.View.setFlags(View.java:8938)
        at android.view.View.setVisibility(View.java:6066)

So if you dig, then you know

void checkThread() {
    if (mThread != Thread.currentThread()) {
        throw new CalledFromWrongThreadException(
                "Only the original thread that created a view hierarchy can touch its views.");
    }
}

Where mThread is initialized in the constructor, as shown below

mThread = Thread.currentThread();

I mean, when we create a particular view, we create it on the UI Thread and then try to modify it in the Worker Thread.

We can verify this with the code snippet below

Thread.currentThread().getName()

When we inflate the layout, and in the future, you will see exceptions.

Tags: Android Java MediaPlayer

Posted on Sat, 28 Dec 2019 00:55:05 -0800 by vijayanand